Aniamals, Adaptation, and the Galapagos Islands Discover with Darwin
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putting it Together
Level 2
Scientists are always interested in finding patterns in nature. Patterns can be clues that lead to discoveries. For instance, a scientist like Charles Darwin might notice a pattern of scratches or volcanic dust on the shells of tortoises that live on volcanic, rocky islands. Mud splatter on tortoise shells suggests the tortoise lives in a wet and muddy environment.

Your challenge: Notice patterns and make a scientific match.
Make the Match
Can you help five tortoises get home?
Do you recognize patterns among birds in the Galápagos?
Adaptation (ad-ap-tay-shuhn)
A change through natural selection that allows a living species to survive within an environment

Archipelago (ar-kuh-pel-uh-goh)
A group of small islands

Carapace (kar-uh-pace)
The hard upper shell of certain animals like turtles and tortoises

Classify (klass-uh-fye)
To put things into groups according to their characteristics

Evolution (ev-uh-loo-shuhn)
The changes in species over thousands of years or longer

Fossil (foss-uhl)
The remains or traces of an animal or a plant from millions of years ago that are preserved in rocks

Habitat (hab-uh-tat)
The place and natural conditions in which a plant or an animal lives

Paleontology (pale-ee-uhn-tol-uh-jee)
The science that deals with fossils; someone who studies paleontology is called a paleontologist

Species (spee-sheez)
Members of the same group that can mate and produce children or offspring

Subspecies (sub-spee-sheez)
A population of a species with traits that make them distinct from the larger group

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