Why People Move
by Frank Cerutti
Frank Cerutti was an Earthwatch Institute Fellow in July 2001.
- That students understand the variety of factors that cause
people to migrate, immigrate and/or emigrate to new areas to
live and work.
- That students gain a better understanding of the Pueblo Indians
of the American Southwest by examining various materials and
Opening Activity: (10-15 minutes)
For a warm-up the students will take out their notebooks and
complete a free writing assignment in response to the following
question which I will write on the board:
“Why would you decide to move your family across the country
to California? Or across the Pacific Ocean to Australia? What
would cause you to make such a significant change for you and
your family? How would you feel about this? Why?”
The goal of this warm-up is to get the students to begin thinking
about how difficult it is move and to apply this idea to their
own lives and how it would affect them.
Lesson Core: (30-40 minutes)
I will begin the lesson with a brainstorming activity led by
the students. I will ask them to list all of the factors, causes
and issues that cause people to pack up and move themselves and
their families. I will make a list of these items on the board
and have the students write them down. After doing this I will
take a few minutes to give them some notes and factual information
concerning the reasons why people move (extrinsic factors such
as environment, war, famine, drought, etc. and intrinsic factors
such as seeking a better life, wealth, opportunities or a family).
I will then pass out a map activity that will have the students
label the major Pueblo Indian settlements of the southwest. They
will also label the geographic features such as rivers, lakes,
mountains, latitude & longitude, deserts, etc. We will then
give dates for each of the major pueblo civilizations and list
when they were inhabited and deserted, if that applies. I will
then ask the students to look at the map, the dates, the settlements
and the land features and ask them to try to come up with some
ideas and theories of their own as to why the Pueblo Indians moved
around and what caused this to happen. I will offer my own insights,
experiences and knowledge learned in the field. I will also show
them some pictures and share other information and items I gained
on my Earthwatch Expedition.
Concluding Activity: (10 minutes)
In order to reinforce what was learned in class today, and also
to remind them of previously learned material and how to apply
today’s lesson to that information the students will do the following.
Think of all the cultures and peoples we have learned about in
the past that have experienced a mass migration event (Bantu’s
of Africa, European immigration to America, refugees escaping
war torn Africa, Asia & Europe, etc.) Come up with at least
3 examples of other peoples & cultures that have migrated
from their homelands to a new land. Why did they move? What
factors caused them to move? Was their move successful? Why
or why not? The students will further develop these ideas and
concepts and I will include a short essay question covering this
topic on the unit test.
I will need to use the chalkboard, atlases and map worksheets
to complete this lesson. I will also bring in my own books, pictures
and items that I acquired in New Mexico during my Earthwatch Expedition.
Students will need to bring pens/pencils, colored pencils/markers
for map labeling and their notebooks.