All About Alaska
By Heather Holliday
has almost twice as many caribou as people! The population of people in
Alaska is around 600,000. More than 1 million caribou populate the state.
Sleds pulled by teams of dogs were once the primary form of transportation in
many areas of Alaska. Dogsleds delivered supplies between residents of the snowbound
state. While mushing is still popular for recreation, the most popular means of
transportation in the nation's largest state include ferries, ocean barges, trains,
and planes. Half of the public roads in Alaska are unpaved. Juneau, the state's
capital, has no outside road access and can only be reached by air or water.
Alaska was purchased from Russia in 1867. It was a territory until 1959, when
it became the 49th state.
the capital of Alaska, can only be reached by air or water. It is 600 miles
by air southeast of Anchorage, and covers 2,594 square miles of land and
488 square miles of water.
Half of Alaska's population of approximately 550,043 people live in Anchorage.
Many U.S. cities have a larger population than the entire state of Alaska. The
state's land area is 570,375 square miles, which is larger than the next three
largest U.S. states combined.
Alaska borders on two oceans and three seas, while having 3,000 rivers and
approximately 3 million lakes. More animals than people live in Alaska, which
is home to approximately 430 different species of birds. Bears, deer, elk, moose,
and whales also live there. Fishing, mining, oil, and timber are the state's
In some areas of the state, temperatures can hit extremes of 60 degrees below
zero. The northernmost part of the state also has long periods of night and
day. The town of Barrow has nearly three months of continuous sunlight beginning
in May. However, when the sun sets in November, Barrow receives no sunlight
for more than two months.