Writing with Scientists
Writing with Scientists Home Step 1: Discover Your Big QuestionStep 2: Explain the Hows and WhysStep 3: Present Your InformationStep 4: Conclude with New QuestionsStep 5: Show Your SourcesStep 6: Publish OnlineRead Student Writing Words to Know


Learn about
the Partnership


Step 4: Conclude with New Questions

What was it all about?
A good conclusion is a new beginning, not an ending. In your conclusion you’ll probably:

• briefly review what you investigated and why
• briefly review your hypothesis and what you found out about it
• talk about how factors you might not have expected affected your results
• explain what new questions or investigations might develop from the work you've done

Should you keep going?
Scientists try out new ideas and experiments, but they also look back on past work to build on it. Now that you’ve proven — or more likely challenged — your hypothesis, explain what further investigating you could do to continue to learn more about your topic. Give a few possibilities for how you could take your work one step further.

What new questions do you have?
Scientists are question-askers at heart. One way to show you’re really thinking about your subject is to include new investigation ideas that occurred to you as you learned about your topic. What new questions are you interested to ask based on what you’ve learned?

Example in Action
See an excerpt from a student scientist's report.

If you did it again, what would you do differently?
You'll gain knowledge about your topic through observation and research, but by going through the process of observing, researching, and experimenting, you'll also learn about the best way to do those things. Reflect on what you learned from the experience and what you might have done differently knowing what you know now.

Example in Action
See an excerpt from a student scientist's report.

Next Step

View and print items marked (PDF) using Adobe Acrobat Reader© software, version 4.0 or higher. Items marked (PDF Form) feature editable areas. Save edits with version 7.0 or higher. Get Adobe Reader for free.


Dr. Susan Perkins

Scientist at Work

Once my results showed that there were two different species of parasites, I had new questions I wanted to investigate. I went on to test how the parasites traveled from island to island to see if they had always been carried in the lizard hosts. This involved collecting lots more genetic data… and also a few more trips!

Print a Worksheet (PDF)