Step 5: Show Your Sources
For many science reports, in addition to gathering information
from your own observations and experiments, you’ll get information
from sources such as:
newspaper, magazine, or journal articles
Example in Action
See an excerpt from a
student scientist's report.
When you use information from a source, you must record that as a part of your paper. A bibliography is a good way to show exactly what sources you used.
There are different ways to make a bibliography, so if you're doing a report for school, be sure to ask your teacher for a preferred format.
Here are examples of how to show your sources:
By a single author:
Marks, Paula. The Human Genome Project. New York: St. Martin's
By two authors:
Polsky, Phillip E., and Lauren Shaeffer. A Guide to Rocks and
Minerals. Oxford, MS: University of Mississippi, 1999.
By three authors:
Martin, Linda, Shelia Daar, and Mary Williams. Montana's Glacier
National Park. West Glacier, MT: Falcon Publishing Company,
By more than three authors:
Ferrara, John E., et al. Hyraxes and Kopjes. Los Angeles:
Rainbow Press, 2000.
By an unknown author:
Exploring the Everglades. Boston: Harcourt Brace, 2003.
By an editor:
Ronan, Colin A., ed. Science Explained. New York: Henry Holt,
Trainen, Martha. "New York State." Encyclopedia Americana.
Moffet, Mark. "Poison-Dart Frogs: Lurid and Lethal." National
Geographic May 1995: 98-101.
McMahon, Hugh. "New Find in Long Island's Jurassic Park."
Newsday 27 October 1998: B2.
Chu, John. "Habitat Use and Separation Between the Giant Panda
and the Red Panda." Journal of Mammology 81.2 (2000):
Web Site Articles
Wenner, Elizabeth. Dynamics of the Salt Marsh. Department
of Natural Resources. Retrieved from the World Wide Web on 21 December
Williams, Julie. Interviewed by Kolea Zimmerman. Volcano, Hawaii,
2 December 2002.
Bibliography examples care of the American
Museum of Natural History’s Young Naturalist Awards.