Egyptian history is so old that it was old even to the people we call the
ancient Greeks. It's considered be one of the birthplaces of modern civilization
because of its many achievements in math, science, and architecture. Egypt
is located in northeastern Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to
the north and the Red Sea to the east. Egypt is made up of expanses of hot,
dry desert and the rich fertile delta of the Nile River. Egypt's two biggest
geographical realities, the desert and the Nile, provided the early Egyptians
with the tools to build their civilization.
How Do You Get
Ask your students to find Egypt on a world map. Then ask them
to locate the Nile River. Use the Distance Calculator Web site to calculate
the distance between where you live and Egypt. How far is it? Ask your
students to write directions to get to Europe by land and sea. Post these
directions all around your world map, and you'll be ready to set off on
Using some of the sites below, have your students draw or trace a map
of ancient Egypt. Ask them to use these maps for the entire unit. As they
learn new facts, such as the location of pyramids or the sources of building
stones, they should record these new facts on their maps.
To help students comprehend the immense time span of Egyptian history,
construct time lines of your students' lifetime, American history, and
Egyptian history to illustrate relative lengths of time. Use yarn to mark
the time line, with one inch equaling ten years. How long is the string
representing the years since most of the students in the class were born?
How long is the string representing American history since 1776? The Great
Pyramid of Khufu was under construction by approximately 3200 B.C. Your
students will be amazed how long your time line is!