about where animals live in the winter and how they adapt to cold climates.
Children learn about the penguin and its adaptation to a year-long winter-like
climate. Grades PreK 2
- Learn about where
animals live during the winter.
- Understand how
to use a bar graph.
- Learn about a cold
weather bird, the penguin.
- Explore how penguins
move in their environment.
two class periods
- globe or world
- books with penguin
- 4 inch square construction
- 4x8 inch strip
- colored markers
- reproducible for
Part 1: Find the Animals
children to share what they may know about where animals live in the
that because it is cold during winter there is little food for animals
to eat. The animals slow down, find warmth, and go to sleep for the
winter. That way the animals save their energy and don't need to eat.
These free resources are PDF files. To print them you will need Adobe Acrobat
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already installed, , click here
to download a FREE copy.
Part 2: Go, Penguins,
children to share what they know about penguins. Using a globe or
world map point out Antarctica. Explain that it is very cold here
most of the year. Many penguins make Antarctica their home. Explain
that penguins are only found in areas below the Equator.
you read the following to children, show illustrated examples of penguins.
can't fly. And though they are great swimmers and most at home
in the sea, penguins must also get around on land. A penguin isn't
built for taking long steps. Its long body has short legs set
far back on its body. This makes their walk an awkward waddle.
They may look clumsy, but most penguins can walk as fast as a
penguins also hop to climb slopes or cross over rocky areas. The
rockhopper penguin can hop up a slope 400 feet high by taking
short hops from one boulder to another. If the slope is too steep,
a rockhopper can grasp a rock with its hooked beak and pull itself
third way penguins get around on land is by sliding on their bellies.
This is called tobogganing. First a penguin flops on its stomach,
then it slides and glides along on the ice and snow pushing with
its feet and paddle-like wings. A penguin can toboggan for miles,
moving much faster then it could by waddling or hopping.
to children that they will make models of penguins to explore how
the reproducible of the penguins. Have children color the two rockhopper
penguins, if desired.
children cut out both double penguins along the solid back outer lines.
how to fold each penguin in half along the dotted line on top if its
Fold the flap and tab along the dotted lines under the penguin's feet.
the bottom flap to give each penguin a stable base.
the WADDLE penguin's base to both ends of the construction paper square.
The paper will make a rocker.
the 4 x 80 inch strip of construction paper into an accordion, with
each fold about 1 1/2 inches wide.
the HOP penguin onto the top fold. Then tape the top two folds. Then
tape the top two folds of the accordion.
to Assignment for Part 2
1: Find the Animal
Have children complete the winter animal graph. Once they have finished,
they may want to color in the picture.
2: Go, Penguins, Go!
Have children work in small groups to explore with their models how penguins
move. Encourage them to model hopping, waddling, and tobogganing.
Assessment of Skills and Knowledge
Ask the group to respond orally about what animals do in the winter, and
questions about how penguins move.
- As a follow-up
to Find the Animals, use books or online resources, such as Animals
in Winter to learn more about hibernation. Can children discover
three different animals that hibernate in the winter?
- As a follow-up
to Go, Penguins, Go! read the following books with children:
- Penguin Chick by
Michele McKenzie, Monterey Bay Aquarium Press, 2000, Monterey, California
- Penguins: Animals
of the Ocean by Judith Hodge-Walker, Judith Hodge, and Susan Brocker,
Barrows Juvenile, 1999 New York, New York
- Penguins: First
Discovery Books by Rene Mettlerand and Gallimaud Jeunesse, Cartwheel
Books/Scholastic, 1996 New York, New York.
- Was the time allotted
sufficient to complete the lesson?
- Did children successfully
complete their winter animal graphs?
- Did children understand
how penguins move by exploring movement with their models?