Electronic Learning
A horse Giddy Up! The World of Horses
Ready for an on-line horse ride through cyberspace? Check out these terrific sites about horse history, equestrian sports, and more. Answer the questions after visiting each site to complete the crossword puzzle. And we’re off!

    Horses in History
    In the Middle Ages, a type of horse called the destrier was specially bred to support the great weight of armored during warfare. (#4 Across)

    Horses were reintroduced to the Americas when the first Spanish arrived in the early 1500s. (#1 Across)

    One breed of horse is called the Clydesdale. These large animals, which stand about six feet high at the shoulder, were first bred in for hauling coal and doing farmwork. (#9 Down)

    The Narragansett Pacer was the first true American breed of horse. George Washington owned one, and it is said that mounted one for his famous ride. (#7 Across)

    Horses played an important role in the expansion of the American West. From 1860 to 1861, riders of the famous Pony Express used horses to deliver the nation’s from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California, in just 10 days. (#2 Across)

    All About Horses
    All horses are , or plant eaters. (#8 Across)

    Horses are very social animals and live in . (#6 Down)

    When a baby horse, or foal, is born, its are almost at their full adult length. . (#4 Down)

    A horse’s height is measured from the ground to the top of its shoulders in units called . (#6 Across)

    What sound does a horse make? People all over the world have different ways of describing the horse’s call. In English, we say the horse neighs or whinnies. people describe this sound as “hee-hing.” (#7 Down)

    Horses move at different paces, such as a walk, trot, canter, or gallop. These paces are known as . (#8 Down)

    The rare Przewalski (pronounced “sha-VAL-ski”) horse is the last remaining species of horse. Some people believe that it is the ancestor of all modern breeds. Today there are only 150 Przewalski horses left in America, and almost all of them are in zoos. (#3 Down)

    Horses in Sports
    With events like racing, rodeos, shows, and competitions, equestrian sports are the third-largest sport in America. (#10 Down)

    There are three types of equestrian events at the Olympics: show jumping (in which the horse and rider jump a course of about 15 obstacles in a limited time), dressage (in which the horse and rider perform a series of movements in a 20-meter x 60-meter arena), and three-day eventing (in which the horse and rider’s skill is tested). In the 1996 Atlanta games, the U.S. Equestrian Team won the medal in show jumping. (#5 Across)

    The Triple Crown refers to three famous horse races: the Kentucky Derby, in Louisville, Kentucky; the Preakness Stakes, in Baltimore, Maryland; and the Belmont Stakes, in Elmont, New York. Of the three races, the Stakes is the longest in distance. (#5 Down)

    Horses that run in Triple Crown races are Thoroughbreds. The Thoroughbred is among the fastest animals on earth, second only to the .. (#1 Down)

    African-Americans have played an important role in the sport of horse racing, and the famous Kentucky Derby is no exception. An African-American jockey named Oliver Lewis won the first derby, held in 1875. Then, in 1892, a 15-year-old African-American named Alonzo “Lonnie” Clayton became the jockey to win the derby. (#3 Across)

    Horse races are measured in furlongs. Eight furlongs equal one . (#2 Down)

Click here for the solution to the crossword puzzle.

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