adobe
A building material made of straw and sun-dried earth or clay, adobe was also formed into bricks.

Anasazi
Meaning "the ancient ones," this name derives from a Navajo Indian word.

hunter-gatherers
People that lived by hunting for animals and gathering naturally existing edible plants, rather than by growing crops. mesa
A flat-topped elevation rising from the Southwestern desert, with nearly vertical sides.

nomadic
Refers to people with no fixed settlement, who wander a region usually following food supplies or weather patterns.

Pueblo
(Spanish for "town") The name refers to the village-dwellings of these Indian people.

sedentary
Living a settled existence, with permanent community institutions such as buildings of some type.











A people rich in culture, the 7,000-year-old Anasazi are the ancestors of today's Pueblo Indians. Their culture arose from even more ancient peoples in what is now the American Southwest. During their long history, the Anasazi evolved from a nomadic to a sedentary culture and existence. At first hunter-gatherers, in time the Anasazi began raising maize and other crops. They also produced skillfully woven baskets. By a.d. 700, the Anasazi were building pueblos, or villages, along with extraordinary pottery marked by elaborate black-on-white designs. Their villages, built at the top of mesas or in hollowed-out natural caves at the base of canyons, included multiple-room dwellings and complex apartment structures of stone or adobe masonry. Despite their successful culture, the Anasazi way of life declined in the 1300s, probably because of drought and intertribal warfare. Today, Pueblo descendants of the Anasazi still live largely traditional lives in the American Southwest, farming the land, weaving baskets, and making pottery.




Here are some topics to explore that relate to the Anasazi and Pueblo Indians. Looking at the articles, images, and other materials in this Research Starter may give you more ideas. Each topic has one or more articles to start you on your research, but remember that it takes more than one article to make a research paper. Continue your research with our list of articles below.

Anasazi history as conveyed by national monuments, parks, and historic sites.


Canyon de Chelly National Monument



Natural Bridges National Monument


The role of climate and geography in the development and later decline of the Anasazi way of life.


Anasazi



cliff dwellers


Artistry in the basket making and ceramics of the Anasazi/Pueblo.


Anasazi


History of and differences among the descendants of the Anasazi.


Anasazi



Pueblo (Indian tribes)


The role of the kiva and of the kachina cult in Anasazi/Pueblo religion and culture..


kiva


Architecture and construction methods of the Anasazi/Pueblo.


Anasazi






Anasazi



Pueblo (Indian tribes)



Canyon de Chelly National Monument



Bandelier National Monument



cliff dwellers



Mesa Verde National Park



kiva



Natural Bridges National Monument



Navajo National Monument



Petroglyph National Monument



Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument



Tuzigoot National Monument




 
This page includes links outside of Scholastic.com
Every Web site we link to was visited by our team at one point in time to make sure it's appropriate for children. But we do not monitor or control these sites and these sites can change. In addition, many of these sites may have links to other sites which we have not reviewed. Be sure to get permission from your parents or teacher before leaving this site, and remember to read the Privacy Policy and Terms of Use of any site you visit.

Native American Home Pages
www.nativeculturelinks.com/indians.html
Award-winning database of Native American Web resources covering individual nations, organizations, colleges, arts, languages, native businesses, and more. Maintained by Lisa A. Mitten, bibliographer at the Univ. of Pittsburgh.

Index of Native American Resources on the Internet — WWWVL American Indians
www.hanksville.org/NAresources
An extensive list of links to Web sites that provide scholarly and commercial resources on North American native peoples.

Chaco Culture National Historical Park
www.nps.gov/chcu
The canyon, with hundreds of smaller sites, contains 13 major archeological sites unsurpassed in the United States, representing the highest point of Pueblo pre-Columbian civilization. Maintained by the National Park Service.

Native Americans and the Environment
cnie.org/NAE
Site contains hundreds of bibliographic entries and links to many Internet resources relating to North American native peoples. Resources are classified by tribal groups. Includes a clickable region map to help readers find information.

NativeWeb Home Page
www.nativeweb.org
An excellent site for material on the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and Australia/Oceania.

National Museum of the American Indian
www.nmai.si.edu
This Smithsonian Institution site contains information about the museum's exhibitions and research as well as an annotated listing of other Native American sites on the Internet.

Native American Indian Art, Culture, Education, History, Science
www.kstrom.net/isk
More than 300 pages of historical maps, indigenous-language resources, lists of Indian authors and books, articles on Native American products, arts information, and astronomy pages.

IPL: Pueblo Pottery Exhibit
www.ipl.org/div/pottery
From the Univ. of Michigan-based Internet Public Library, an online exhibition of Southwestern pottery, ranging from 100 A.D. to the present and arranged by Pueblo. Also with a history of Pueblo Indian culture, a glossary, and a bibliography.

Prehistoric Cultures of North America
www.beloit.edu/~museum/logan/mississippian/amerexhib.htm
Highly informative online exposition devoted to pottery traditions of prehistoric North American cultures. Created by art historian Dr. Christopher Henige at the Univ. of Wisconsin. Based on collections of the Logan Museum at Beloit College, Wisconsin.

Desert Peoples of the American Southwest
www.desertusa.com/ind1/du_peo_past.html
An excellent resource devoted to the peoples, cultures, and historical personalities of the Southwest, with historical information, current data, and related links. Maintained by Desert USA, an online southwestern magazine.

Gallup, New Mexico — Native American, Indian, Navajo, Hopi, Zuni, Acoma, Laguna, Southwest, Route 66
www.gallupnm.org
Focuses on Gallup's rich Native American heritage. Offers traditional recipes and, for those visiting Native American pueblos and reservations, advice on etiquette. Also covers tourist amenities, events, and regional attractions.

NMAA: Teachers' Guides
nmaa-ryder.si.edu/education/guides/pueblo
A guide to Pueblo Indian art for middle-school students, provided by the National Museum of American Art. Includes a map of pueblos; data on history, language, religion, dances; paintings; artists' biographies; a bibliography; a glossary; and more.

Ethnologue
www.ethnologue.com
Contains the most authoritative classification database of the world's languages currently available. Searchable by language name, language family, and country; general search option also provided.

The American Southwest — New Mexico Guide
www.americansouthwest.net/new_mexico
Richly illustrated, individually maintained guide to selected national parks, national monuments, and other places of interest (including spectacular lava beds) located in New Mexico.

Maps of United States National Parks and Monuments
www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/national_parks.html
Part of the Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection of the University of Texas at Austin, these pages provide maps of U.S. national parks and monuments.

Bandelier National Monument
www.nps.gov/band
Provided by the National Park Service, this Web site gives extensive information, including detailed visitor information, about Bandelier National Monument. Illustrated and linked to related information, the site is educational and useful.

New Mexico Department of Tourism
www.newmexico.org
New Mexico Department of Tourism site contains information about state and national parks, events, tips for travelers, and other related resources.

Southwestern Archaeology (SWA)
www.swanet.org
The Southwestern Archaeology site maintains an extensive index of links to information related to the peoples and geography of California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, Mexico, and Texas.

Colorado Desert Places To Go — DesertUSA
www.desertusa.com/placestogo/du_colorado.html
Wealth of information related to the desert regions of Colorado, including descriptions, photos, and maps of national parks, state parks, monuments, cities, towns, and museums. Part of DesertUSA's online travel guide.

The Official Website of Colorado Tourism
www.colorado.com
Home page of the Colorado Travel and Tourism Authority features a virtual tour, with interactive panorama views. Provides maps; city listings; information on attractions, lodging, dining, and transportation. Includes a searchable database.

Mesa Verde National Park
www.nps.gov/meve
Provided by the National Park Service, this Web site gives extensive information, including detailed visitor information, about Mesa Verde National Park. Online tours and information centers are available or will be soon. Illustrated, educational.

ArchNet — WWW Virtual Library — Archaeology
archnet.asu.edu
ArchNet offers links to a vast array of archaeological resources available online, categorized by geographic region and subject. The Archaeological Research Institute at Arizona State University hosts this multiple language Web site.

The American Southwest — Arizona Guide
www.americansouthwest.net/arizona
Richly illustrated, individually maintained guide to the national parks, national historic sites, and selected other scenic places located in Arizona.

Arizona Desert Places To Go — DesertUSA
www.desertusa.com/placestogo/du_arizona.html
Wealth of information related to the desert regions of Arizona, including descriptions, photos, and maps of national parks, state parks, monuments, cities, towns, and museums. Part of DesertUSA's online travel guide.

Canyon de Chelly National Monument
www.nps.gov/cach
Provided by the National Park Service, this Web site gives extensive information, including detailed visitor information, about Canyon de Chelly National Monument. Illustrated and linked to related information, the site is educational and useful.

Collapse — Why Do Civilizations Fall?
www.learner.org/exhibits/collapse
This Web site, from the Annenberg/CPB Project, presents theories and methods used by archaeologists to study the decline of societies. A journal allows users to record clues and reach conclusions regarding the collapse of individual civilizations.

The American Southwest — Utah Travel Guide
www.americansouthwest.net/utah
Richly illustrated, individually maintained guide to the national parks, national historic sites, and selected other places of interest located in Utah.

Natural Bridges National Monument
www.nps.gov/nabr
Provided by the National Park Service, this Web site gives extensive information, including detailed visitor information, about Natural Bridges National Monument. Illustrated and linked to related information, the site is educational and useful.

Navajo National Monument
www.nps.gov/nava
Provided by the National Park Service, this Web site gives extensive information, including detailed visitor information, about Navajo National Monument. Illustrated and linked to related information, the site is educational and useful.

Tuzigoot National Monument
www.nps.gov/tuzi
Provided by the National Park Service, this Web site gives extensive information, including detailed visitor information, about Tuzigoot National Monument . Illustrated and linked to related information, the site is educational and useful.

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument
www.nps.gov/sapu
Provided by the National Park Service, this Web site gives extensive information, including detailed visitor information, about Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument. Illustrated and linked to related information, the site is educational and useful.

Wupatki National Monument
www.nps.gov/wupa
Provided by the National Park Service, this Web site gives extensive information, including detailed visitor information, about Wupatki National Monument. Illustrated and linked to related information, the site is educational and useful.