Ernesto "Che" Guevara, b. June 14, 1928, d. Oct. 9, 1967, was a Latin-American guerrilla leader who helped Fidel Castro achieve his revolution in Cuba. Argentinian by birth, he was trained as a doctor before becoming involved in agitation against the dictator Juan Per—n. He went to Guatemala, where he joined the leftist regime of Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán in 1953. After Arbenz was overthrown (1954), Guevara met Castro in Mexico and joined his revolutionaries. From 1956 until the taking of Havana from Fulgencio Batista's regime on Jan. 1, 1959, he fought as a member of the Castro army and helped shape its strategy. Guevara held important posts in the new Cuban government, including that of minister of industry (1961-65). He took more interest, however, in revolutionary warfare to spread communism in Latin America. In 1965 he dropped from public view; he had gone to Bolivia to train a guerrilla force. In 1967 his group was destroyed by Bolivian forces, and Guevara was captured and executed. Buried for almost three decades in a secret grave in Bolivia, his remains were identified, disinterred, and returned to Cuba for a state funeral in 1997. Guevara's writings include Guerrilla Warfare (1961), Guerrilla Warfare: A Method (1966), and The African Dream: The Diaries of the Revolutionary War in the Congo (2001).
Anderson, J. L., Che Guevara: A Revolutionary Life (1997).
Casta–eda, J. G., The Life and Death of Che Guevara (1997).
Cupull, A., and Gonzalez, F., Mission Bolivia (1995).
Deutschmann, D., ed., Che: A Memoir by Fidel Castro (1994).
Ryan, Henry B., The Fall of Che Guevara: A Story of Soldiers, Spies, and Diplomats (1998).
Tablada, C., Che Guevara, 2d ed. (1990).
Taibo, P. I., 2d, Guevara, Also Known as Che (1997).