active dutyfull-time service in the military
bunker (BUHNGK-ur) noununderground shelter from bomb attacks and gunfire
civilian (si-VIL-yuhn) nounsomeone who is not a member of the armed forces
coalition (koh-uh-LISH-uhn) nountwo or more groups formed together for a common purpose. The countries that support the U.S-led war, namely, Britain and Australia, are members of a coalition.
deploy (de-PLOI) verbto spread out or place like military troops
disarm (diss-arm) verbto take weapons away from somebody. If a country disarms, it gives up its weapons.
embedded (em-bed-ed) verbto plant a reporter in a military unit
humanitarian aid (hyoo-man-uh-TER-ee-uhn ayd) adjectivehaving to do with helping people and relieving suffering
malnutrition (mal-noo-TRISH-uhn) nouna harmful condition caused by not having enough food or by eating the wrong kinds of food
no-fly zoneareas set up in northern and southern Iraq by the U.S. and Great Britain that restrict air traffic. Iraqi military planes are not allowed in no-fly zones as a means of protecting the Kurds in the north and Shiites in the south from attack by the Iraqi government.
rations (RASH-uhns) nouna limited amount or share of something such as gas or food
reconnaissance (re-COHN-a-sens) nouna survey of an area to seek information about enemy positions or installations
refugees (ref-yuh JEE) nouna person who is forced to leave home because of war, persecution, or natural disaster
regime change (ri-zheem) nounA regime is a government that rules people during a specific period of time. To change the regime is to put a new ruler, or government, in place.
reserves (ri-ZURVES) nounthe part of the armed forces that is kept ready to serve in an emergency. Members of a reserve unit usually have full-time jobs doing something else, but stand ready to be called to active military duty during times of need.
sanctions (SANGK-shuhns) nounpunishment for breaking the law or for unacceptable behavior. One country sometimes imposes sanctions against another country by refusing to trade with it.
troops nounan organized group of soldiers, scouts, etc.
weapons of mass destruction (WMD) weapons that can kill or injure a large number of people at one time. WMD can be biological (causing illness), chemical (causing injury or death), or nuclear (causing injury, death, and possible destruction of the environment)