Grades 1–2
This lesson can be taught in 1–2 class periods.

Lesson Introduction:
The focus for younger students in Women's Suffrage is on citizenship and the value of voting. Students will read through Effie Hobby's story and have a chance to ask questions.

As a class, discuss the role of a person in a democracy. Ask students about the government in the United States and ask how that government is put into place. Encourage students to talk about voting, not only for governments but also in their lives. For example, school elections or even when parents give their kids a choice on what to eat for breakfast. Write words on the board like vote, citizen, participate, decide, etc.

Depending on the availability of computers and the class reading level, read Effie Hobby's story about voting in 1920. You can do this with a projector or print out the story beforehand, reading aloud to students as you would a book. Discuss each Think About It question as you read aloud. If several computers are available and students are relatively independent readers, have students grouped around the computer where they can read along as you read aloud.

Regroup for a class discussion about Effie's story. See Discussion Starters below.

Discussion Starters

• What does it mean to live in a democracy?
• Why would women ever not have the right to vote?
• Who has the right to vote today? Who does not have that right?
• What does it mean to be a citizen?
• Why is it important to vote?
• Why do you think Effie Hobby has voted in every presidential election?
• How can kids be good citizens?

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