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On December 6, the Japanese government began sending
a long message to its diplomats in Washington. The
last part of that message arrived in the early-morning
hours of December 7. Japanese diplomats Nomura and
Kurusu prepared for a final meeting with Secretary
of State Hull, knowing that they were being ordered
to break off all negotiations with the U.S. What they
didn't realize was that the same message had been decoded
and rushed to President Roosevelt and to the high commanders
of the U.S. Army and Navy. The U.S. was now aware
that Japan might strike somewhere in the Pacific, but
a warning did not reach Pearl Harbor until nearly 8:00
a.m., Hawaii time. By then, Nomura and Kurusu were
in Secretary Hull's office, and Japanese bombs were
falling onto the neat lines of U.S. warships in Pearl
Harbor's "Battleship Row."
For an hour-by-hour account of the attack on Pearl Harbor,
check out "The Day Pearl Harbor was Bombed".
For an hour-by-hour account of the attack on Pearl Harbor, check out "The Day Pearl Harbor was Bombed".
Interview with the Eyewitnesses | Teacher's Guide