The list panel contains items that will help you explore this topic. This glossary defines and clarifies some of the terms found in this Research Starter and provides additional terms for study.

boycott
A concerted action to isolate economically or socially an individual, group, or nation to express disapproval or to coerce change.

gold medal
The award won by the best individual or team in an Olympic competition. A silver medal is awarded to the second best, and a bronze medal to the third.

nationalism
A popular sentiment that places the existence and well-being of the nation highest in the scale of political loyalties. In political terms, it signifies a person's willingness to work for the nation against foreign domination, whether political, economic, or cultural.

Nazism
The ideology and policies espoused and practiced by Adolf Hitler and his Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers party) from 1921 to 1945.

propaganda
The systematic attempt to manipulate the attitudes, beliefs, and actions of people through the use of symbols such as words, gestures, slogans, flags, and uniforms. Ideas, facts, or allegations are spread to further a cause or to damage an opposing cause.

terrorism
The sustained, clandestine use of violence—murder, kidnapping, bombings—most often to achieve a political purpose.





The Olympic Games as we know them are an international sports festival. The Games originated as a way for the ancient Greeks to salute their gods, but the modern Games salute the athletic talents of citizens of all nations. The Olympic Games occur every four years and consist of both summer and winter events. The Summer Games are scheduled for 2000, 2004, 2008, and so on, while the Winter Games will take place in 2002, 2006, 2010, and so on. Standard events in the Summer Games include basketball, boxing, gymnastics, soccer, swimming, track and field, and many other sports. Winter Game highlights include ice hockey, figure skating, skiing, and bobsledding. In recent years, extensive television coverage of the Olympic Games has brought them to millions of viewers all over the world, making household names out of such Olympic greats as track star Edwin Moses and figure skater Tara Lipinski. As a world event with political undertones, the Olympics have had their share of controversy. Nazi Germany, for example, hosted the Games in 1936 and used the event to propagandize its cause of Aryan racial superiority. A black American track star, Jesse Owens, helped thwart those intentions by winning four gold medals and being mobbed by the public wherever he went in Germany. In 1972 in Munich, 11 Israeli athletes were murdered by Palestinian terrorists, casting a pall over great performances by a number of athletes. The Games have been boycotted and disrupted in other ways as well, but they are most memorable when they do what they set out to do: celebrate the athletes of all nations through fair competition among the best from around the world.


The following topics will help you explore the Olympic Games. Additional ideas can be gathered by looking at the articles and pictures in this Research Starter.
The history of the ancient Greek Olympic Games, including the nature of the competition and the reasons behind the cessation of the games.
Olympic Games
The statistics and demographics of the Olympics.
Olympic Games
Evidence and impact of nationalism on the Olympic Games.
Olympic Games
For a given Olympic event, the amount of preparation an individual or team goes through to compete on the Olympic level.
Gymnastics
Track and Field
Swimming


Olympic Games
Gymnastics
Track and Field
Track and Field: Women's World Records
Track and Field: Men's World Records
Swimming
Swimming: World Records
Boxing
Heavy Boxing Champions
Skiing
Ice Skating


United States Olympic Committee
The United States Olympic Committee offers information about the organization, Olympic sports, U.S. Olympic champions (brief career capsules), educational resources, and more.

The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization
PBS's companion Web site to its documentary on ancient Greece explores Greek culture, architecture, politics, and personalities (such as Cleisthenes, Themistocles, Pericles, Solon, and Socrates). Includes an Acropolis Web cam.

CBS SportsLine – Sports News, Sports Scores, Sports Statistics, Sports Memorabilia and Fantasy Sport
Exhaustive coverage of men's and women's sports, including news, scores, columns, and images. View the CBS sports broadcast schedule; listen to live radio shows. Has games, contests, and polls, with special features for members.

CNN/SI from CNN and Sports Illustrated
Comprehensive sports coverage from Cable News Network and 'Sports Illustrated.' Includes audio/video clips, online games, and a children's section. Searchable and customizable.

The Olympic Movement – Home Page
The International Olympic Committee's Web site provides comprehensive and official information about the Olympic movement and the games.

Ancient Olympics @ University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology & Anthropology
Online exposition devoted to the ancient Olympic games. Includes FAQ, a glossary of terms, and links to related Web resources. Provided by the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.

Olympics
A discussion of the ancient Olympic Games and the basis of their rebirth in modern times. Illustrated Web site created by the Foundation for the Hellenic World and Dartmouth College.

Olympia
Descriptions and photographs of the archaeology of Olympia, the site of the ancient Olympic Games; from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture.

Salt Lake 2002
Official Web site for the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City. Offers news, schedules, athlete biographies, information on individual sports, and more.

Virtual Gallery
Los Angeles Public Library offers a collection of well-illustrated virtual exhibits devoted to the history of the city, including such topics as 'Golf in Hollywood' and '1932 Los Angeles Olympic Games.'

ESPN.com
Popular sports Web site from ESPN, based on its cable coverage. Includes news, features, schedules, fantasy games, quizzes, and background information. Offers multimedia tools and live audio from ESPN radio and TV programs.

Yahoo! – Recreation:Sports
Comprehensive index of sports links, including links to current sports news.